San Jacinto Museum of History

Art and Artifacts

Explore our collections

This online database of artifacts from the museum makes finding everything from Mexican pistols to Meso-American pottery quick and easy. Browse a portion of the museum's artifacts in ten different categories to see close-up pictures and get detailed information on them. You can search by keyword (badge), name (Sam Houston), and many other criteria.

Do you have something that belongs in a museum? Learn where to go for an appraisal, or how to donate it to our collection.



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APRON
 

APRON

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
15 1/2"L x 16 1/4"W

DATE MADE
c. 1843

DESCRIPTION
Masonic apron. White satin apron trimmed with light blue and pink pleating (faded, discolored). Lined with white muslin. Stamped with a number of masonic symbols, including pillars with globes at c...

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BADGE
 

BADGE

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
9/16" Radius (each star)

DATE MADE
c. 1860

DESCRIPTION
Two Confederate uniform badges (a,b). Major's rank. Gilded metal. Five points. Loop posts on back side for attachment. (Loop post on (a) is broken off). Minor surface dents on both stars.

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BAYONET, TRIANGULA...
 

BAYONET, TRIANGULAR

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
21"L

DESCRIPTION
Bayonet. Springfield bayonet marked: "U.S."

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BROOCH...
 

BROOCH

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
1 3/8"Dia

DESCRIPTION
Brooch. Round gold frame brooch (a). Has decorative rope edging. 4 clasps press down to hold in interior picture frame. Photograph (possibly an ambrotype) of Henry Hoyt Russell (b) in base metal c...

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BUTTON, MILITARY...
 

BUTTON, MILITARY

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
7/8"H x 1"W x 1/4"D

DATE MADE
1861-1865

DESCRIPTION
Set of six brass colonel stars. Engraved radiating design. Loop on reverse for attaching to uniform.

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CANE...
 

CANE

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
35 1/2"L

DESCRIPTION
Walking stick. Made of bois d'arc. Rough hewn. Painted black. Paint worn from use, particularly at ends.

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CANE...
 

CANE

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
35"L

DESCRIPTION
Walking stick. Made of cane. Painted dark brown. Metal tip. Small spherical knob at top. Top 5 1/2" covered with woven heavy linen thread.

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CANE...
 

CANE

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
34 1/2"L

DATE MADE
1898

DESCRIPTION
Walking cane. Black wood. Brass tip. Brass knob with gothic design. "B.C. RUSSELL TO H.H. RUSSELL MAY 24th, 1898."

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CANNONBALL...
 

CANNONBALL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
6 1/2"Dia.

DESCRIPTION
Cannonball. 23 lbs. Cast iron. Hollow with 1"Dia. hole. Charge had been removed when received.

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CAP, FORAGE...
 

CAP, FORAGE

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
4 1/8"H x 10"L x 6 1/2"W

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Blue wool kepi style forage cap from military uniform. Trimmed in three bands of gold braid. Leather bill. Leather band above bill with brass button at each end. Buttons have eagle surrounded by s...

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CARBINE...
 

CARBINE

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
37 3/4"L

DATE MADE
patented 1846

DESCRIPTION
Sharp's breach loading percusion carbine. Trigger guard levers down to open breach. Brass band around forestock. Brass butt plate, brass lidded compartment in stock. Front and rear sight. Stamped...

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CHAIN, WATCH...
 

CHAIN, WATCH

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
15"L

DESCRIPTION
Watch chain. Silver-plated watch chain. Three strands with central moveable fob and diamond-shaped guards. Gold-colored metal bar and clasp fastener.

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CLARINET...
 

CLARINET

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
25"L

DATE MADE
19th century

DESCRIPTION
Clarinet. Rosewood clarinet with silver keys and ivory fittings. Reed is missing. Has conical bore. Stamp on upper part of instrument reads: "Bb." Indicates instrument is a B-Flat clarinet. Inst...

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COAT...
 

COAT

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
40"L

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Tunic coat from a Confederate uniform. Gray wool. Buff wool collar, cuffs, and trim. Double breasted. Two rows of 7 brass buttons down chest and two brass buttons at back skirt. Buttons are 7/8"D...

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COMPASS, SURVEYOR'...
 

COMPASS, SURVEYOR'S

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
7 1/4"H x 16 1/2"L x 6 1/2"W

DESCRIPTION
Brass surveyor's compass. Includes compass (a), cover (b), two slit sights (c-d), two slit sight screws (e-f), wooden box (g), and lid (h). Compass (a) has two arms for slit sights and glass crysta...

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CURRENCY...
 

CURRENCY

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
2 9/16"H x 5 9/16"W

DATE MADE
1862

DESCRIPTION
Private Civil War currency. S.A. & M.C. Railway, Victoria, Texas. $2 note. Badly worn, wrinkled, torn. May 17, 1862.

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DEPRESSOR, TONGUE...
 

DEPRESSOR, TONGUE

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
7 3/8"L x 1 3/8"W

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Ivory tongue depressor. One end rounded, other end cut square.

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DRAWING, "James K....
 

DRAWING, "James K. P. Gillaspie"

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
27 1/4"H x 23 1/2"W

DESCRIPTION
Portrait of James K. P. Gillaspie (a). Charcoal on paper. Dark coat, white shirt, black bow tie. Drooping mustache. Signed in lower right corner "L. Hartmann. 103 Cong. St. Houston, Texas." Wood...

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EXTRACTOR, DENTAL...
 

EXTRACTOR, DENTAL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
7 1/2"L x 2"W

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Steel dental pliers. Textured grips. One handle curled. Obscured mark at hinge "[?]ARLO[?] PHILA".

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EYEGLASSES...
 

EYEGLASSES

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
7/8"H x 4 1/4"W x 5 1/2"D

DATE MADE
c. 1850

DESCRIPTION
Eyeglasses. Rectangular lenses. Silver frames. Earpieces have sliding extensions.

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FLAG...
 

FLAG

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
38"L x 45 1/2"W

DATE MADE
1861-1865

DESCRIPTION
Flag, Confederate. Thirteen white stars outlined in red on blue-gray background, crossed on red background. Flag fringed on three sides with 1/2" gold (wire) braid. Five sets of gold ties at hoist ...

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GRADUATE...
 

GRADUATE

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
2"H x 1"Dia.

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Glass graduate (a) with case (b-c). Graduate has small spout. Marked from 10 to 60 in increments of 10 and 0 to 1 fluidonce. Green pasteboard case(b) with brown lid (c). Lid reads "Morgan Bro. LON...

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GUIDON...
 

GUIDON

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
6 1/4"H x 41 3/4"L

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Blue banner trimmed in faded red silk. Triangular notch cut out of far end. White silk letters trimmed in red and gray thread. OBVERSE: "MANN'S REGIMENT". REVERSE: "EXCELSIOR."

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GUIDON...
 

GUIDON

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
26"L x 39"W

DATE MADE
1861-1862

DESCRIPTION
Guidon, Civil War. Union regimental flag, Illinois regiment. Identified as a Company A flag on the original catalog card; possibly "artillery". Thirteen stripes; thirty-four white stars on blue squ...

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HAT...
 

HAT

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
5 5/8"H x 13 1/4"L x 11 3/4"W

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Black felt hat from military uniform. Creased. Curled brim. Black ribbon hat band. Black and gold double cord hatband with acorn ends. Emblem with the initials "CA" or "GA" on red field trimmed i...

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HAT...
 

HAT

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
7"H x 15"L x 7"D

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Hat, Terry's Texas Rangers. Black, broad brimmed felt hat with black silk ribbon. Hatband (ribbon) width, 3/4". On crown, red design: 5-point star with "R" at center, with "T E X A S" at outline. ...

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HOLSTER...
 

HOLSTER

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

DESCRIPTION
Leather holster. Open at muzzle end. Slots for attaching to belt. Brass stud on outside face, top rear corner.

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HORN, HUNTING...
 

HORN, HUNTING

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
11 3/4"L x 2 1/2"Dia.

DESCRIPTION
Hunting horn carved from cow's horn. Yellowish brown. Decorative band carved near mouthpiece. "Marthy Griffin" carved in side.

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HORN, POWDER...
 

HORN, POWDER

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
9 3/4"L x 2 1/4"Dia.

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Powder horn. Flattened conicical wooden base attached with tacks. Made from a cow horn. Measure made of cow horn attached with leather thong. Thong wrapped around spout of powder horn and through...

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INKWELL...
 

INKWELL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
3 1/2" Dia.

DESCRIPTION
Wooden inkwell belonging to Robert Benedict Russell, veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto.

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IRON, BRANDING...
 

IRON, BRANDING

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
6 1/4"H x 12 1/2"L x 6 1/2"W

DESCRIPTION
Branding iron. Handle cut short. Cross bar heart bar.

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KIT, SURGICAL...
 

KIT, SURGICAL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
1 1/4"H x 7"W x 2 7/8"D

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Surgical kit consisting of a carrying case (a) and six tools (b-g). Case (a) has hinged lid that secures with two hooks. Exterior is imitation leather and reads "SCAPELL" on lid. Interior of lid li...

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KIT, SURGICAL...
 

KIT, SURGICAL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
1 1/4"H x 7"W x 2 7/8"D

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Surgical kit consisting of carrying case (a) and ten tools (b-k). Case (a) covered in imitation red leather with marbled paper base. Top of lid has sunburst pattern and an illegible name handwritten...

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KNIFE, BOWIE...
 

KNIFE, BOWIE

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
19"L x 2 3/8"W

DATE MADE
c. 1850

DESCRIPTION
Knife (a) and scabbard (b). Knife (a) has single-edged staight blade 10 3/4"L. Straight guard. Wooden grip heavily studded with small nails. One face of grip also ornamented with a five-point star...

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KNIFE, FISH...
 

KNIFE, FISH

CATEGORY
T&E FOR MATERIALS

MEASUREMENT
7 3/4"L

DESCRIPTION
Fish knife. Metal, possibly silver. Gold wash over entire piece. Handle engraved with script, "Acadia." Back of handle has stamped hallmark "J/ D/ &/ S" in Gothic letters. Neck of handle curves d...

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KNIFE, PAPER...
 

KNIFE, PAPER

CATEGORY
T&E FOR COMMUNICATION

MEASUREMENT
3 1/4"L x 3/8"Dia.

DATE MADE
patented June 5, 1883

DESCRIPTION
Draftsman's knife. Steel blade. Dark wooden grip with plate trim. Push button butt extends and retracts blade. Reads "EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY PAT. JUNE 5 1883". Blade broken off and missing.

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KNIFE, POCKET...
 

KNIFE, POCKET

CATEGORY
PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
3 1/2"L x 11/16"W (closed)

DESCRIPTION
Pocket knife. Bone handled pocket knife with 3 folding blades and a folding file. Stamped on tang: "Simmons/ Hardware Co./ Germany."

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KNOT, SWORD...
 

KNOT, SWORD

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
90"L

DATE MADE
c. 1861

DESCRIPTION
Sword knot[?] Braided black silk cord. Two pom-poms and tassle at each end.

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LANCET...
 

LANCET

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
5 1/2"L x 1/2"W

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Lancet. Steel blade. Dark wooden handle with two rivets. Base of blade stamped "M. WOCHER & SON".

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LANCET...
 

LANCET

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
7/8"H x 3"W x 1 5/8"D

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Lancet (a) with case (b). Spling loaded steel lancet in brass housing. Carrying case (b) has hinged lid with hook closure. Covered in imitation leather. Lined in red felt.

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LANCET...
 

LANCET

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
3 5/8"L x 3/8"W

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Thumb lancet. Steel blade. Stamped into blade ""WADE & FORD NY".

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LARIAT...
 

LARIAT

CATEGORY
DISTRIBUTION & TRANSPORTATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
77"L

DATE MADE
1861-1865

DESCRIPTION
Lariat made of braided human hair.

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LAST, SHOE...
 

LAST, SHOE

CATEGORY
T&E FOR MATERIALS

MEASUREMENT
2 1/4"H x 10 3/4"L x 3 1/4"W

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Last, Shoe. Iron, single casting with one large end and one small end. Fair condition, evidence of rust, wear - shellacked.

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MALLET, DENTAL...
 

MALLET, DENTAL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
21 1/2"L

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Wooden mallet. Spherical head held in stylized bird's beak. Brass rivets for eyes. Hole through butt end of handle for strap.

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MAUL...
 

MAUL

CATEGORY
T&E FOR MATERIALS

MEASUREMENT
10 1/2"L (maul); overall, 33 1/4"L; 5" Dia. (maul)

DATE MADE
mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Maul. Homemade wood mallet with wood handle; both made from unfinished wood. Handle length, 23 1/4" with 1 1/2" diameter. Split, handle. The maul, according to the original catalog card, was "used...

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MEDAL...
 

MEDAL

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
2 1/8"H x 1 11/16"L

DATE MADE
1914

DESCRIPTION
Bronze medal. Maltese cross hanging from bar decorated with Texas flag and Confederate battle flag (full colors) around initials "UCV" (United Confederate Veterans). Cross has state of Texas in reli...

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MEDAL...
 

MEDAL

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
2"H (extended) x 1 5/8"L

DATE MADE
c. 1900

DESCRIPTION
Bronze medal. Southern Cross of Honor. Cross formee attached to pin with nameplate. "Wm Hardin" inscribed in cursive on nameplate. One side of cross contains words "United/Daughters/Confederacy/ T...

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MEDAL...
 

MEDAL

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
2 1/2"H (extended) x 1 3/4"L

DATE MADE
c. late 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Silver military medal. Shield design inscribed: "Co. F./1st. TEXAS/ COOKS. HEAR. ART/" (Cook's heavy artillery) and letters "CSA" around crossed cannon design. Shield is suspended from a decorated na...

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NEEDLE, SUTURING...
 

NEEDLE, SUTURING

CATEGORY
T&E FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

MEASUREMENT
2"L

DATE MADE
early to mid 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Curved surgical needle with thread.

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PAINTING, "A Ride ...
 

PAINTING, "A Ride for Life"

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
12 7/8"H x 12 5/8"L

DATE MADE
late 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Watercolor painting entitled "A Ride for Life" by Sam Chamberlain. Depiction of Chamberlain on his horse, Lucifer, at the outset of a dangerous mission ordered by General Wool.

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PAINTING, "Agua Nu...
 

PAINTING, "Agua Nueva"

CATEGORY
COMMUNICATION ARTIFACTS

MEASUREMENT
3 1/4"H x 7"L

DATE MADE
late 19th century

DESCRIPTION
Watercolor painting entitled "Agua Nueva" by Sam Chamberlain.

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