The Battle of San Jacinto was fought at this site on April 21, 1836. The Texian army consisted of approximately 935 men under the command of General Sam Houston. The Mexican army consisted of approximately 1,250 men under the command of Mexican President Antonio López de Santa Anna.
The Battle began at approximately 4:30 p.m. when the Texians, advancing under cries of “Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!” attacked the Mexican encampment. The Battle lasted just 18 minutes, although the slaughter continued for hours. Only nine Texans were killed or mortally wounded. Mexican soldiers killed numbered 630. More than 600 Mexican soldiers were taken prisoner.
The Battle of San Jacinto avenged the massacre of Texan soldiers at the Alamo (March 6, 1836) and Goliad (March 27, 1836), and gave Texas its independence from Mexico. The Battle also opened the door for the westward expansion of the United States.