Part of an old map of the San Jacinto area from the Texas Revolution

Veteran Bio

Texian Location:  Harrisburg

The Kemp Sketch

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ANDERSON, DR. THOMAS -- Born in Buckingham County, Virginia, June 16, 1789 and died in Round Rock, Texas, April 26,1857. He was a son of Richard Anderson who was born July 19, 1781, and was a Captain in the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War. He died May 12, 1835.

On December 21, 1815 Dr. Thomas Anderson, subject of this sketch, married Chloe Glascock, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Sanford) Glascock. She died September 5, 1819 and on February 6, 1824 he married Sarah Tunstell, who died in Virginia before February, 1835.

Dr. Anderson had two children by his first marriage, John D. and Washington Anderson. With them he came to Texas in February, 1835 and on March 14th of that year he received title to a league of land in Milam’s Colony situated in the present County of Travis. On February 12, 1838 he was issued a First Class Headright Certificate by the Board of Land Commissioners of Bastrop County and in it is stated that he arrived in Texas in 1835.

That Dr. Anderson served in the Army of Texas, as well as his two sons, John D. and Washington, is shown by the following letter from him to Captain Jesse Billingsley:

Inclosed you will find the discharges of my two sons and an order of Will Bugg,

Quartermaster Sergeant of ranging company also all of which I wish (to have)


I have also enclosed the certificate (signed by) yourself and (Edward) Burleson in

favor of my children for 640 acres of land. I do not deem it necessary to inclose

my discharge as I presume you will be able with the assistance of Col. Burleson to

establish my claim for 640 acres, without any other assistance than that which

you both are in full possession of.

(This letter in 1954 was in possession of Mrs. Fannie (Taliaferro) Taylor, great granddaughter of Dr. Anderson).


In the Evolution of a State by Noah Smithwick, Gammel Book Company, Austin, Texas, page 262, it is stated:

“Austin was an exceedingly healthy location for

medicos, the fraternity being represented by Drs.

Cook Johnson, and Chalmers, with old Doctor

Anderson of Webber’s Prairie to fall back on in critical cases. “

When Josiah Wilbarger was scalped by the Indians and left for dead, then rescued by friends, Dr. Thomas Anderson treated his wound. Wilbarger’s head healed nicely and he suffered no inconvenience except to wear a “skull cap” over the wound.

Mrs. Mabel T. Quebedeaux, a great, great granddaughter of Dr. Thomas Anderson, and a great granddaughter of Washington Anderson was residing at 4320 Newton Street, Dallas, in February, 1954. A daughter of hers, Mrs. Harmon Watts, was residing at 4611 Valerie, Bellaire, Texas.

Written by Louis W. Kemp, between 1930 and 1952. Please note that typographical and factual errors have not been corrected from the original sketches. The biographies have been scanned from the original typescripts, a process that sometimes allows for mistakes in the new text. Researchers should verify the accuracy of the texts' contents through other sources before quoting in publications. Additional information on the veteran may be available in the Herzstein Library.

Battle Statistics

  • Died in Battle: No
  • Company: Capt. Gibson Kuykendall

Personal Statistics

  • Date of Birth: 1789 June 16
  • Birthplace: Virginia, Buckingham County
  • Origin: Virginia
  • Came to Texas: 1835 Feb
  • Date of Death: 1857 April 26
  • Other Battles: Goliad
  • Profession: Doctor
  • Wife: 1. Chloe Glascock; 2. Sarah Tunstell
  • Children: Washington Anderson; John D. Anderson
  • Family at San Jacinto: Sons John D. and Washington Anderson