San Jancinto Museum of History

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Green, Thomas  ( 1814 Jun 8  -  1864 Apr 12 )

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GREEN, THOMAS -- Born June 8, 1814 in Amelia County, Virginia, a son of Nathan and Mary (Field) Green. Judge Nathan Green was a member of the Tennessee Supreme Court at the time of his death. He and Judge Abram Caruthers founded the Lebana Law School of Lebanon Tennessee.

Other children of Judge and Mrs. Nathan Green were, John A., Sydney, Hal, Alexander, Robert, Nathan, and Anna Green. Anna was married to a Mr. Bowden.

Thomas Green attended first, the University of Tennessee and later Princeton College. In 1834 he studied law. In Headright Certificate No. 38 for one-third of a league of land issued to him in 1838 by the Board of Land Commissioners for Fayette County it is stated that he arrived in Texas in December 1835. On January 14, 1836 he enlisted in the Volunteer Auxiliary Corps of the Texas Army at Nacogdoches. He received Bounty Certificate No. 723 for 640 acres of land December 5, 1837 for serving in the army from January 14 to July 15, 1836. At San Jacinto he was a member of Captin Isaac N. Moreland's Company of Artillery and on August 19, 1838 he received Donation Certificate No. 515 for 640 acres of land for having participated in the battle. In Comptroller's Military Service Record No. 5820 it is certified that on May 6, 1836 he was appointed assistant Adjutant General, serving until May 30, 1836.

At the expiration of his enlistment period Mr. Green returned to Tennessee, but came back to Texas in 1837. He was Engrossing Clerk of the Senate of the 6th Congress. In 1841 he was appointed Clerk of the Supreme Court of Texas, holding that position until Texas entered the Union. After annexation, he was appointed Clerk of the Supreme Court of the State, serving until the year 1861.

In 1841 Mr. Green joined the expedition headed by Colonel John Moore against Indians on the upper Colorado River. He was Captain of the Travis County Volunteers in the Vasquez campaign and Inspector General of the Somervell Expedition, 1842. At the out break of the Mexican War he raised the first company of volunteers recruited in Texas, serving as Captain of a company in Colonel John C. Hay's Regiment. Owing to his position as Clerk of the Supreme Court, he was unable to remain permanently with the army.

Captain Green entered the Confederate Army in the War Between the States as Colonel of a regiment in Sibley's Brigade and was in action in the Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico. He rose to the rank of Brigadier General and was in immediate command of the forces that captured Galveston, December 31, 1862. He was transferred to Louisiana, where he won many victories. He was killed at Blair's Landing, Louisiana April 12, 1862. His remains were returned to Texas, and interred in Oakwood Cemetery, May 2, 1864.

General Green was married Jan. 31, 1847 at Austin to Mary Wallace Chalmers by the Reverend Homer S. Thrall, Pioneer Methodist Minister. Miss Chalmers was a daughter of Dr. John C. Chalmers and Mary Wallace Chalmers. Dr. Chalmers was Secretary of the Treasury of the Republic during President Lamar's administration.

Mrs. Green died in Austin February 1866. Children of General and Mrs. Green were: (1) Mary, m. Dr. R.N. Lane, she died in Eagle Pass may 29, 1926, he died in September 1909, their children were Richard and William B. Lane; (2) Eliza, m. Judge Matthew Neil of Trenton, Tennessee, she died in July 1931, he died in 1924, their children were: Mary Wallace, Virginia, and Florence Neil; (3) Alice, m. H.L. Bentley, who died in Abilene August 23, 1933, she was still living in 1938, children were: Gay H. Leigh, Paul, Hampstead, and Max Bentley; (4) Jeanette, m. Taylor Hayden of Union City, Tennessee, she died in Dec. 1932, he died in 1912, their children were: Clarence, Hal, Alma, Mary Wallace, and Tom; (5) Tom Green, Jr., was. never married and died near Eagle Pass in 1886 from injuries sustained from a fall from his horse; (6) Laura Green, m. Jeremiah Hodgson, he died at El Paso March 1906, she was still living in 1938 in Washington, D.C., Hal Hodgson was their son.



Written by Louis W. Kemp, between 1930 and 1952. Please note that typographical and factual errors have not been corrected from the original sketches. The biographies have been scanned from the original typescripts, a process that sometimes allows for mistakes in the new text. Researchers should verify the accuracy of the texts' contents through other sources before quoting in publications. Additional information on the veteran may be available in the Herzstein Library.


Battle Statistics

  • Died in Battle: No
  • Rank: Private
  • Company: Capt. Isaac N. Moreland

Personal Statistics

  • Date of Birth: 1814 Jun 8
  • Birthplace: Virginia, Amelia County
  • Origin: Tennessee
  • Came to Texas: 1835 Dec
  • Date of Death: 1864 Apr 12
  • Burial Place: Oakwood Cemetery
  • Comments: Somervell Expedition; U.S.-Mexican War; Civil War, Confederate Army
  • Bounty Certificate: 723
  • Donation Certificate: 515
  • Wife: Mary Wallace Chalmers
  • Children: Mary Green Lane; Eliza Green Neil; Alice Green Bentley; Jeanette Green Hayden; Tom Green; Laura Green Hodgson


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